First approval of Opdivo in the United States
PRINCETON, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Bristol-Myers Squibb Company (NYSE:BMY) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Opdivo (nivolumab) injection, for intravenous use. Opdivo is a human programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) blocking antibody indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma and disease progression following Yervoy (ipilimumab) and, if BRAF V600 mutation positive, a BRAF inhibitor. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials. Metastatic melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer, and despite recent advances, there are limited treatment options available for patients who have been previously treated with approved agents.
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“Bristol-Myers Squibb is pleased to be able to offer an important new option for patients who have progressed following treatment for unresectable or metastatic melanoma, which is one of the most aggressive forms of cancer,” said Lamberto Andreotti, chief executive officer, Bristol-Myers Squibb. “The approval of Opdivo, the latest breakthrough medicine from our immuno-oncology pipeline, demonstrates our company’s commitment to meeting the needs of these patients, and to leading advances in the science of immuno-oncology.”
Opdivo is associated with immune-mediated: pneumonitis, colitis, hepatitis, nephritis and renal dysfunction, hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, other adverse reactions; and embryofetal toxicity. Please see the Important Safety Information section below.
The company expects to begin shipping Opdivo within one to two weeks of today’s approval.
Opdivo Delivered A Response Rate of 32%
Opdivo is the only PD-1 that has demonstrated efficacy in a Phase 3, pivotal clinical trial with advanced melanoma in patients who had been previously treated and progressed with Yervoy and, if BRAF mutation positive, a BRAF inhibitor. The efficacy of Opdivo was evaluated based on a single-arm, non-comparative planned interim analysis of the first 120 patients who received Opdivo with a minimum of 6 months follow-up in the Phase 3 CheckMate -037 trial.
Opdivo achieved a 32% (95% CI: 23, 41) response rate (38/120) with a dosing strength and frequency of 3 mg/kg intravenously over 60 minutes every 2 weeks. 3% of patients (4/120) achieved a complete response, and 28% (34/120) achieved a partial response. Of 38 patients with responses, 33 patients (87%) had ongoing responses with durability of response ranging from 2.6+ to 10+ months, which included 13 patients with ongoing responses of 6 months or longer. Responses to Opdivo were demonstrated in both patients with and without BRAF mutation.
The safety profile of Opdivo has been demonstrated in the pivotal, Phase 3 CheckMate-037 trial. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 41% of patients receiving Opdivo. Grade 3 and 4 adverse reactions occurred in 42% of patients receiving Opdivo. The most frequent Grade 3 and 4 adverse drug reactions reported in 2% to <5% of patients receiving Opdivo were abdominal pain, hyponatremia, increased aspartate aminotransferase, and increased lipase. The most common adverse reaction (≥20%) reported with Opdivo was rash (21%). Please see the Important Safety Information section below.
“The approval of Opdivo gives patients and physicians an important new treatment option for a population where they were once very limited,” said Jeffrey S. Weber, MD, Ph.D., director of the Donald A. Adam Comprehensive Melanoma Research Center at Moffitt Cancer Center. “For the first time, a PD-1 blocking antibody has shown a response rate of 32% in a Phase 3 randomized clinical trial of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma, who have progressed following first line therapy.” Efficacy was evaluated in a single-arm, non-comparative, planned interim analysis of the first 120 patients who received Opdivo in the CheckMate -037 trial in whom the minimum duration of follow up was 6 months.
“The emergence of effective immuno-oncology therapies that are capable of successfully treating metastatic melanoma has reinvigorated the field of cancer immunology with an optimism that immune based treatments will play a central role in therapeutic strategies for cancer patients,” said Jill O’Donnell-Tormey, Ph.D., CEO and director of Scientific Affairs at the Cancer Research Institute, a nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing the science of cancer immunology.
About the CheckMate -037 Trial
CheckMate -037 was a randomized, Phase 3 trial evaluating Opdivo 3 mg/kg (n=268), administered every two weeks, or chemotherapy (n=102) (investigator's choice of either single-agent dacarbazine 1000 mg/m2 every 3 weeks or the combination of carboplatin AUC 6 every 3 weeks plus paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 every 3 weeks) in patients with advanced melanoma who had been previously treated and progressed with Yervoy and, if BRAF mutation positive, a BRAF inhibitor. No premedication is required with Opdivo.
The primary objective of this analysis of the CheckMate -037 trial was Objective Response Rate (ORR). CheckMate -037 included 90 participating trial sites in 14 countries, and included both institutional and community practice centers. The clinical study is ongoing to determine whether there is an overall survival benefit.
In the Opdivo treated patients (n=120), 76% of patients had M1C disease, 18% of patients had a history of brain metastases, and 56% of patients had elevated LDH levels. The median age of patients was 58. 22% of patients were BRAF V600 mutation positive.
Distinct Immune Pathway
Opdivo is approved for use in patients previously treated with Yervoy. Although both treatments are immunotherapies, PD-1 and CTLA-4 are distinct pathways.
About Bristol-Myers Squibb’s Support Programs for Opdivo
As the leader in metastatic melanoma, Bristol-Myers Squibb remains committed to helping patients through treatment with Opdivo. For support and assistance, patients and physicians may call 1-855-OPDIVO-1. This number offers one-stop access to a range of support services for patients and healthcare professionals alike.
About Bristol-Myers Squibb’s Access Support
Bristol-Myers Squibb is committed to helping patients access Opdivo and offers numerous programs to support patient and providers in gaining access. BMS Access Support®, the Bristol-Myers Squibb Reimbursement Services program, is designed to support access to BMS medicines and expedite time to therapy through reimbursement support including Benefit Investigations, Prior Authorization Facilitation, Appeals Assistance, and assistance for patient out-of-pocket costs. BMS Access Support assists patients and providers throughout the treatment journey – whether it is at initial diagnosis or in support of transition from a clinical trial. More information about our reimbursement support services can be obtained by calling 1-800-861-0048 or by visiting www.bmsaccesssupport.com. For healthcare providers seeking Opdivo specific reimbursement information, please visit the BMS Access Support Product section by visiting www.bmsaccesssupportoncology.com.
About the Opdivo Clinical Development Program
Bristol-Myers Squibb has a broad, global development program to study Opdivo in multiple tumor types consisting of more than 50 trials – as monotherapy or in combination with other therapies – in which more than 7,000 patients have been enrolled worldwide.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Immune-Mediated Nephritis and Renal Dysfunction
Immune-Mediated Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
Other Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions
Serious Adverse Reactions
Common Adverse Reactions
The most common adverse reaction (≥20%) reported with OPDIVO was rash (21%).
Please see US Full Prescribing Information for OPDIVO.
About Metastatic Melanoma
Melanoma is a form of skin cancer characterized by the uncontrolled growth of pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) located in the skin. Metastatic melanoma is the deadliest form of the disease, and occurs when cancer spreads beyond the surface of the skin to the other organs, such as the lymph nodes, lungs, brain or other areas of the body. The incidence of melanoma has been increasing for at least 30 years. In 2014, an estimated 76,100 melanoma cases will be diagnosed in the U.S. Melanoma is mostly curable when treated in its early stages. However, in its late stages, the average survival rate is just 6 months with a 1-year survival of 25.5%, making it one of the most aggressive forms of cancer.
About Bristol-Myers Squibb
Bristol-Myers Squibb is a global biopharmaceutical company whose mission is to discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases. For more information about Bristol-Myers Squibb, visit www.bms.com, or follow us on Twitter at http://twitter.com/bmsnews.